Archive for the ‘Read by the name of God’ Category

The home is a blessing. Allah says:

“And Allah has made for you in your homes an abode…”[al-Nahl 16:80]

Ibn Katheer (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

“Here Allah, may He be blessed and exalted, is mentioning His complete blessing to His slaves: He has given them homes which are a peaceful abode for them, to which they retreat as a haven which covers them and gives them all kinds of benefits.”

What makes a home blessed?

Here are 40 recommendations by Sh Muhammed Saalih al- Munajjid on building a Muslim Home
(excerpted from his book, ‘The Muslim Home: 40 Recommendations’)

1- Making a good choice when choosing a wife:
“A woman may be married for four things: her wealth, her lineage, her beauty or her religion. Choose the one who is religious, may your hands be rubbed with dust [i.e., may you prosper]!” (Agreed upon).

2- It is also essential to look at the situation of the prospective husband who is proposing marriage to the Muslim woman.
“If there comes to you one with whose religion and character you are pleased, then marry your daughter [or sister, etc.] to him, otherwise there will be fitnah and great corruption in the land.”

3- Striving to guide ones wife

4- Making the home a place for the remembrance of Allah

5- Spiritual training for the members of the household – enjoining night-prayers, giving charity, fasting on al-Ayyaam al-Beyd (the 13th, 14th and 15th of each Hijri month), Mondays and Thursdays, Taasoo’aa’ and ‘Aashooraa’ (the 9th and 10th of Muharram), ‘Arafaah, and frequently in Muharram and Sha’baan.

6- Paying attention to adhkaar and Sunnah du’a’s that have to do with the home:
Mention the name of Allah upon entering home, and recite ‘Bismillaah, tawakkaltu ‘ala Allah, laa hawla wa laa quwwata illaa Billaah (In the name of Allah, I put my trust in Allah, there is no help and no strength except in Allah) upon going out of the house.

7- Siwaak

8- Continuously reciting Surah al-Baqarah in the house to ward off the Shaytan

9- Teaching the family islamic knowledge in the home

10- Start building an Islamic “library” in your home: books, audios

11- Inviting good and righteous people and seekers of knowledge to visit the home.

12- Learning the Islamic rulings with regard to houses. These include: Praying in the house, Seeking permission to enter one’s house.

13- One should not stay alone overnight in the house

14- Not sleeping on the roof of a house that has no protecting wall

15- Pet cats do not make vessels naajis (impure) if they drink from them, or make food naajis if they eat from it.

16- Knowing the advantages of khushoo’ in Salah; expiation of previous sins, so long as they were not major sins, and the reward recorded is in proportion to the degree of khushoo’.

17- Striving to offer du’a’ at the appropriate times during the prayer, especially in sujood

18- Adhkaar to be recited after prayer

19- Pay attention to nawafil (supererogatory) prayers, because they make up for anything lacking in the fard (obligatory) prayers

20- Removing anything that may distract the worshipper:
Not praying when there is food prepared that one wants to eat, when one needs to answer the call of nature, when one feels sleepy. Not praying behind someone who is talking (or sleeping) and not occupying oneself with smoothing the ground in front of one

21- Avoid anything that will distract others from their prayer:
Not disturbing others with one’s recitation, Not turning around during prayer (including the heart and eyes), Not raising one’s gaze to the heavens, Not spitting in front of one when praying, Trying not to yawn when praying, Not putting one’s hands on one’s hips when praying, Not letting one’s clothes hang down (sadl) during prayer, Not resembling animals

22- Spreading kindness in the home; Helping one’s wife with the housework, being affectionate towards and joking with the members of the family

23- Resisting bad manners in the home. Hinting at punishment by hanging up the whip where the members of the household can see it.

24- Beware of non-mahrem relatives entering upon women when their husbands are absent.

25- Men and women should sit separately during family visits.

26- Be aware of the dangers of having male drivers and female servants in the house.

27- Kick immoral people out of your houses.

28- Beware of the dangers of TV and its effects and ability to influence family members.

29- Beware of the evils of the telephone.

30- You have to remove everything that contains symbols of the false religions of the kuffar or their gods and objects of worship.

31- Removing pictures of animate beings.

32- Do not allow smoking in your homes.

33- Do not keep dogs in your homes.

34- Avoid too much decoration in your homes (keep it simple).

35- Choosing a good location and design of home.
E.g.: close to a mosque, and toilets are not sited in such a way that one faces the qiblah when using them.

36- Choosing a spacious house with plenty of amenities.

37- Paying attention to health-related matters such as ventilation, natural light and so on.

38- Choosing the neighbour before the house.

39- Paying attention to necessary repairs in the home, and making sure that the amenities are in good working order.

40- Paying attention to the family’s health and safety procedures.

“O you who believe! Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who disobey not, (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded.”
[al-Tahreem 66:6]


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قُل لِّلْمُؤْمِنِينَ يَغُضُّوا مِنْ أَبْصَارِهِمْ وَيَحْفَظُوا فُرُوجَهُمْ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ أَزْكَىٰ لَهُمْ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ خَبِيرٌ بِمَا يَصْنَعُونَ
Tell the believing men to lower their gaze and guard their private parts. That is purer for them. Indeed, Allah is Acquainted with what they do. 

وَقُل لِّلْمُؤْمِنَاتِ يَغْضُضْنَ مِنْ أَبْصَارِهِنَّ وَيَحْفَظْنَ فُرُوجَهُنَّ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا ۖ وَلْيَضْرِبْنَ بِخُمُرِهِنَّ عَلَىٰ جُيُوبِهِنَّ ۖ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا لِبُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ آبَائِهِنَّ أَوْ آبَاءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ أَبْنَائِهِنَّ أَوْ أَبْنَاءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ إِخْوَانِهِنَّ أَوْ بَنِي إِخْوَانِهِنَّ أَوْ بَنِي أَخَوَاتِهِنَّ أَوْ نِسَائِهِنَّ أَوْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُهُنَّ أَوِ التَّابِعِينَ غَيْرِ أُولِي الْإِرْبَةِ مِنَ الرِّجَالِ أَوِ الطِّفْلِ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يَظْهَرُوا عَلَىٰ عَوْرَاتِ النِّسَاءِ ۖ وَلَا يَضْرِبْنَ بِأَرْجُلِهِنَّ لِيُعْلَمَ مَا يُخْفِينَ مِن زِينَتِهِنَّ ۚ وَتُوبُوا إِلَى اللَّهِ جَمِيعًا أَيُّهَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ
And tell the believing women to lower their gaze and guard their private parts and not expose their adornment except that which [necessarily] appears thereof and to wrap [a portion of] their headcovers over their chests and not expose their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands’ fathers, their sons, their husbands’ sons, their brothers, their brothers’ sons, their sisters’ sons, their women, that which their right hands possess, or those male attendants having no physical desire, or children who are not yet aware of the private aspects of women. And let them not stamp their feet to make known what they conceal of their adornment. And turn to Allah in repentance, all of you, O believers, that you might succeed.
[Quran – an-Nour: 30-31]

One of my fav 🙂

What is hijab?
A dress code that muslim women adheres to, covers women’s ENTIRE body in a MODEST manner with exception of hands and face.

Purpose of hijab:
1- To give women the right to be judged on their intellect and personality rather than their physical beauty
2- To create positive self-image among women to ensure good emotional health. Because hijab hides a woman’s physical beauty, appearance does not become the focus of her worth. Whomsoever depends on physical beauty for self-worth, they will be disappointed. Some women can’t achieve the society’s definition of physical beauty, hence feel bad about themselves. Some might develop emotional complexes which lead to health problems such as bulimia and anorexia. And even women who fulfill society’s expectation of being physically beautiful will be let down later on as beauty fades with age.
3- In Islam, the goal is to attain beauty in the inside rather than the outside. Inner beauty will not fade and can be achieved through bettering one’s self, a process which is completely within women’s control.
4- Hijab: fair play for all women! 🙂

[Excerpted from ‘Blissful Marriage: A Practical Islamic Guide’ by Drs Ekram and M Rida Beshir]





[By Sister Fatme H. Jaber from USA]

You look at me and call me oppressed
Simply because of the way I’m dressed
You know me not for what is inside
You judge the clothing I wear with pride

My body is not for your eyes to hold
You must speak to my mind, not my feminine mould
I’m an individual. I’m no man’s slave
It’s Allah’s pleasure that I only crave

I have a voice so I will be heard
For in my heart I carry His word
“O ye women, wrap close your cloak,
So you won’t be bothered by ignorant folk”.
Man doesn’t tell me to dress this way
It’s law from God that I obey

Oppressed is something I’m truly not
For liberation is what I’ve got
It was given to me many years ago
With the right to prosper, the right to grow

I can climb mountains or cross the seas
Expand my mind in all degrees
For God Himself gave us liberty,
When He sent Islam, to you and me !

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And thus we have made you a just community that you will be witnesses over the people and the Messenger will be a witness over you. And We did not make the qiblah which you used to face except that We might make evident who would follow the Messenger from who would turn back on his heels. And indeed, it is difficult except for those whom Allah has guided. And never would Allah have caused you to lose your faith. Indeed Allah is, to the people, Kind and Merciful. [Quran 2:143]

Ummatan wasathan
– by Mufti Ismail Menk of Zimbabwe during Fiqh Convention Feb 18-19, 2012.

Let the video do all the talking…

And I will continue my reading… firstly the precious ‘souvenir’ (which has already scribbled here and there) from the convention, and other 2 books to follow to prepare for my next phase of life (in hospital).  And also, in preparation to be amongst the ‘ummatan wasathan‘; The middle, yet the BEST. In sya’ Allah.

Neonates & Paeds (read: Babies & Kids), please be nice to me!

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“Hey, how would you celebrate the valentine’s day?”

I was surprised to receive a sudden question from my colleague during our night shift. I mean, he always ask questions, but not this kind of question.
“I don’t celebrate it.”
I said firmly.
“Why? Is it against your religion?”

“Yes, it is against my religion and yours too.”
“My religion? How?”
“Well, you should know the origin of the valentine’s day before you decide to celebrate it.”

The origin of Valentine’s Day

It is Saint Valentine’s Day, which takes the name of Saint Valentine, a Christian ‘martyr’. This so-called martyr was persecuted on February 14th, AD 269, by the Roman Emperor Claudius II for performing marriage ceremony secretly which was against the emperor’s order. The emperor, who wanted to grow his army, ordered young men to remain single as he believed that married man did not make for good soldier. [Wikipedia]

There are many versions of the origin of the Valentine’s Day, but basically, the celebration is a part of memorial of the Saint Valentine’s ‘martyrdom’ which is against islamic teachings. For Allah has said:

“For you is your religion, and for me is my religion.”[al-Kaafirun: 6]

Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: You would tread the same path as was trodden by those before you inch by inch and step by step so much so that if they had entered into the hole of the lizard, you would follow them in this also. We said: Allah’s Messenger, do you mean Jews and Christians (by your words)” those before you”? He said: Who else (than those two religious groups)? [Sahih Muslim, Book 034, No. 6448]

Although nowadays this day is not only celebrated by Christians, in fact some even denies its relation to Christianity, but we should aware of its origin which has no basis in islam, and it is known to be associated with immoral conduct. (Read: the cross festivals)

من تشبه بقوم فهو منهم
Narrated from Abdullah bin Umar r.a: The Prophet (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever imitates (a group of) people, is (considered) one of them” [Sunan Abu Daud, no: 4031].

The islamic rulings regarding celebration of valentine’s day

“The 71st Muzakarah (Conference) of the Fatwa Committee of the National Council for Islamic Religious Affairs Malaysia held on 22nd-24th November 2005 has discussed the ruling on Muslims celebrating Valentine’s Day. The Conference decided that the teachings of Islam stress on love and there is no specific day in Islam to celebrate it. Therefore, The Conference decided that the practice of celebrating Valentine’s Day is not part of Islam. The spirit of the celebration contains elements of Christianity and its practice that is mixed with sinful acts is prohibited and contradicts with Islam.” [Read: The Ruling on Muslims Celebrating Valentine’s Day]

“Keputusan Jawatankuasa Fatwa Negeri Selangor telah menyatakan melalui Mesyuarat Jawatankuasa Fatwa Negeri Selangor Kali 1/2006 pada 21 Februari 2006 telah memutuskan bahawa amalan merayakan Valentine’s Day tidak pernah dianjurkan oleh Islam. Roh perayaan tersebut mempunyai unsur-unsur Kristian dan amalannya yang bercampur dengan perbuatan maksiat adalah bercanggah dan dilarang oleh Islam”. [Read: Sambutan Hari Kekasih Salah Di Sisi Islam]

read also : Ruling on celebrating Valentine’s Day – islam Q&A

Valentine’s day and pre-marriage relationship

Valentine’s day is strongly associated with unlawful pre-marriage relationship. This is the most awaited day mostly by young (unmarried) couples – who’s at the age with heart craving to love and being loved – to prove their unconditional love to each other. They exhibit their affection to each other in various ways, some of which to that extend of committing adultery. Wa-liya-na’uzubiLLah. Therefore the call against the pre-marriage relationship should not only during the month of February, but should be ongoing and addressed at all time.

And do not approach unlawful sexual intercourse. Indeed, it is ever an immorality and is evil as a way. [al-israa’: 32]

And today, my heart ached after attending a case of rape and sodomy of a 16 year-old girl – by her own trusted boyfriend. Initially the family attempted to negotiate with the boyfriend’s family – for marriage, but eventually they made a police report after being rejected. I tried my best not to be emotional and judgemental, but I just could not hide my aching heart to see such case and the fact that she reminded me of all the single mothers that I encountered during my posting in obstetrics & gynaecology.

May Allah protect us all from the evil. Ameen. 

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40 Ahadeeth regarding good deeds. Enjoy listening to the song while memorising the hadeeth 🙂

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Nota: Tajuk ini ada sangkut-pautnya dengan entri saya sebelum ini Apabila engkau tidak malu, yang lebih menyentuh tentang muamalat antara lelaki dan perempuan. Namun kali ini, insya’Allah, tajuk yang akan saya kongsikan ini lebih umum.

Adegan 1:

“Heh, bahaya betul gambar kau dengan office-mates kau tu.” Zek menegur Rem, teman se-usrah-nya. (Nota: usrah = salah satu bentuk study circle)
“Alahai, kau tengok ke? Malunya aku!”
“Kenapa nak malu?”
“Well, kawan aku yang upload.” Rem tidak menjawab soalan teman yang dihormati itu. “Aku dah agak dah dia akan upload. Nanti aku untag la nama aku. Ni bukan first time pun. I know how to handle it, to clear up my name.
“Aku tak tau lah, apa situasi sebenar, tapi memang gambar tu seolah-olah kau orang lain. Dikelilingi perempuan, sampai bergesel bahu pulak tu. Aku cuba bersangka baik.”
“Eh, tak pun. Ilusi gambar aja tu,” Rem cuba menafikan kesilapannya. “Kau pun macam tak tau office-mates aku tu macam mana? Diorang free-hair, tak faham agama…”
“Dan kau yang faham agama tak cuba untuk fahamkan diorang? At least, yes at least, tell them not to upload the pics. If it was an accident. Kalau tak, ertinya kau yang benarkan diri kau dimalukan. Walaupun kau untag, kau ingat gambar tu takkan boleh sampai ke pengetahuan aku? family kau? ahli usrah lain?”

Adegan 2:

“Alamak, dia dah masuk! Cepat ambil kain pelekat!”
Terkebil-kebil Zek melihat teman-temannya terkocoh-kocoh membetulkan kain sarung yang dipakai. Hairan.
“Diaorang pakai shorts atas lutut. Bila kau masuk je, semua berlari cari kain.” Bisik Farhi sambil tergelak.


عَنْ أَبِيْ مَسْعُوْدٍ عُقْبَةَ بْنِ عَمْرٍو اْلأَنْصَارِيِّ الْبَدْرِيِّ رضي الله عنه، قَالَ: قَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم: إِنَّ مِمَّا أَدْرَكَ النَّاسُ مِنْ كَلاَمِ النُّبُوَّةِ اْلأُولَى، إِذَا لَمْ تَسْتَحْيِ فَاصْنَعْ مَا شِئْتَ

Daripada Abu Mas’oud, ‘Uqbah bin ‘Amru al-Ansori al-Badriy radhiaLLahu ‘anhu, beliau berkata: “RasuluLLah sollaLLahu ‘alayhi wasallam bersabda: ‘Sesunggunya di antara ajaran yang didapati oleh manusia daripada kalam (perkataan) nubuwwah yang pertama ialah: Apabila kamu tidak malu maka lakukan apa yang kamu suka.’ “ [Riwayat Bukhari Kitab Adab #5769, Hadith 21 dalam 40 Hadith an-Nawawi]

“Apabila kamu tidak malu maka lakukan apa yang kamu suka”

Ayat di atas bukanlah suatu perintah agar manusia melakukan apa saja yang mereka suka, sebaliknya, ulama’ berpendapat, ayat di atas memberi 3 makna;

1- Perintah (larangan) dengan ancaman dan janji buruk – RasuluLLah seolah-olah bersabda: ‘Kalau kamu tidak malu, maka berbuatlah apa yang kamu suka. Allah akan membalas dengan balasan yang amat pedih.” (Pandangan ini paling rajih)

2- Perintah dengan makna pemberitahuan – bahawa siapa yang tiada sifat malu, dia akan tenggelam dalam perkara keji dan mungkar. Seperti makna dalam sabda baginda, “Barangsiapa yang berdusta dengan namaku maka dia menyediakan tempatnya di dalam neraka.

3- Perintah dengan makna mengharuskan – Sekiranya jika kamu tidak malu untuk melakukan sesuatu perbuatan di hadapan Allah dan di hadapan manusia, maka lakukanlah, kerana ia bererti perlakuan itu harus dan tidak bertentangan dengan syara’. (Fitrahnya, seseorang yang melakukan sesuatu yang bertentangan dengan syara’ akan berasa malu dengan perbuatannya itu, sekurang-kurangnya di hadapan manusia yang alim)

“Dosa itu ialah apa yang tergetar dalam diri engkau dan engkau berasa benci manusia melihatnya.” – Riwayat Muslim, hadith no. 27 dalam hadith 40 an-Nawawi (Baca: Mengganjal, ragu & malu: itulah dosa)

Adegan 3:

“Kau tak nak pergi ball ke? Jomlah. Kena juga pergi sekali sekala. Nanti orang cakap Muslim ni anti-sosial.” Lili sebenarnya sudah tahu pendirian temannya, tapi dia masih mahu mencuba nasib, kalau-kalau temannya itu berubah fikiran.

“Tak mahulah. Aku malu. Malu tengok kawan-kawan sendiri pakai pakaian seksi, berpeluk sana-sini. Tak kisah lah islam ke tak ke. Aku malu. Lagipun nanti rasa berdosa sebab tak menegur teman sendiri. Aku tak mampu. Kau ajelah yang pergi.”

Malu bukan bererti Anti-Sosial!
Hasan al-Basri ada menyebut,

“Malu itu ada dua: malu berasaskan keimanan dan malu berasaskan kelemahan.”

Malu yang berasaskan keimanan bererti menghindarkan diri daripada melakukan perkara yang tercela. Oleh itu, seruan kepada kita agar bersifat dengan sifat malu adalah seruan agar kita mencegah diri kita dan manusia lainnya daripada sebarang bentuk maksiat dan keburukan. Manakala malu berasaskan kelemahan adalah malu yang tidak bertempat, yang menghalang kita mendapatkan ilmu dan rezeki. Ini barulah dinamakan sebagai ‘segan’ atau anti-sosial! Dan pastinya, takrifan ini membesakan antara sifat malu yang dikehendaki oleh syara’ dari yang lainnya.

Salim bin Abdullah dari ayahnya, mengatakan bahwa Rasulullah s.a.w. lewat pada seorang Anshar yang sedang memberi nasihat (dalam riwayat lain: menyalahkan) saudaranya perihal malu. Ia berkata, “Sesungguhnya engkau selalu merasa malu”, seakan-akan ia berkata, “Sesungguhnya malu itu membahayakanmu.” Lalu, Rasulullah s.a.w. bersabda, “Biarkan dia, kerana malu itu sebagian dari iman.”

2 Jenis Malu
Malu hadir sama ada secara fitrah (semula jadi) atau hasil dari usaha kita.
1- Malu secara fitrah adalah semulia-mulia akhlak yang dianugerahkan oleh Allah kepada hambaNya. Hamba Allah yang bersifat malu secara fitrah akan menjauhkan diri daripada perbuatan maksiat, keburukan dan akhlak yang rendah.  Rasululullah merupakan seorang yang sangat pemalu, lebih dari malunya gadis-gadis pingitan. Sabda Rasulullah,

“Malu itu adalah salah satu cabang daripada iman.”

2- Manakala malu yang lahir hasil usaha seseorang merupakan salah satu ciri-ciri iman yang paling terpuji. Ia lahir melalui makrifatullah, mengetahui keagunganNya dan betapa dekat Dia dengan hambaNya. Malu jenis ini juga disebut sebagi setinggi-tinggi darjat ihsan. Sabda nabi s.a.w.

Malulah kepada Allah sebagaimana engkau malu terhadap lelaki soleh dari kalangan keluargamu.”

Adakah kita punya sifat malu yang disarankan ini?
Nah, tanyakan iman kita. Pernahkah kita berasa malu untuk melakukan sesuatu di hadapan sahabat kita yang kita hormati? Jikalau ya, alhamdulillah, sekurang-kurangnya kita punyai sedikit daripada sifat malu. Dan sekurang-kurangnya juga, kita tahu, bahawa perlakuan itu bukanlah sesuatu yang baik untuk kita teruskan, baik secara terang-terangan ataupun bersendirian. Kata seorang ulama’ salaf, seperti yang dinukilkan oleh Imam Ahmad dalam kitab al-Adab;

“Janganlah kamu melakukan ketika bersendirian sesuatu perbuatan yang engkau malu hendak lakukan ketika terang-terangan.”

Malu itu warisan para nabi
Seperti yang disebutkan pada awal matan hadith di atas – ‘Sesungguhnya di antara ajaran yang didapati oleh manusia daripada kalam (perkataan) nubuwwah yang pertama’ – sifat malu ini adalah merupakan warisan para nabi terdahulu yang tidak dinasakhkan daripada syariat mereka, malah begitu ditekankan di dalam syariat nabi Muhammad s.a.w. Ini menunjukkan kepentingan sifat ini untuk dimiliki oleh umat Muhammad seluruhnya dengan harapan agar kita terhindar daripada melakukan perkara-perkara yang membuahkan dosa dan murka Allah.

“Dosa itu ialah apa yang tergetar dalam diri engkau dan engkau berasa benci manusia melihatnya.”

Namun, ketahuilah, apabila manusia sudah biasa dengan dosa (sama ada dikelilingi oleh orang yang berbuat dosa atau dirinya sendiri yang acap melakukan dosa), maka akan luput perasaan malu, lalu digantikan dengan rasa bangga dengan dosa yang telah dilakukan. Sekiranya manusia di dunia hilang rasa malu untuk berbuat keburukan, nescaya akan rosak binasalah seluruh umat ini.

Oleh yang demikian, hargailah sifat malu yang Allah kurniakan untuk kita. Jangan sekali-kali kita mempertahankan dosa atau perbuatan buruk kita, dek kerana malu, untuk menjaga ego kita. Seperti dengan berkata, “Oh, saya memang begitu,” atau “Alah, dah banyak kali dah berlaku begitu,” apabila ‘terkantoi’ atau ditegur oleh teman kita. Jangan sekali-kali kita berbangga dengan dosa!

Jika kita malu kepada manusia, malulah juga kepada Tuhan!

Sumber rujukan:
Syarah Hadith 40 oleh Syeikh Mustafa al-Bugho
Syarah 50 Hadith oleh Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali


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Sekadar berkongsi nota seminar Fiqh Perubatan di kolej saya 2 tahun lalu, yang disediakan dan disampaikan oleh Dr. Basri bin Ibrahim, Ketua Fakulti Pengajian Kontemporari Islam Universiti Darul Iman, Kuala Terengganu.

Sebelum saya menyenaraikan perkara-perkara yang membatalkan dan tidak membatalkan puasa, harus sama-sama kita fahami mengapa terdapat perbezaan pandangan di kalangan ustaz-ustaz atau cendekiawan agama dalam meneliti masalah-masalah kontemporari yang berkaitan dengan puasa.

Pertamanya, tiada dalil atau hujah-hujah yang khusus berkenaan isu-isu yang baru, contohnya penggunaan inhaler pagi penghidap lelah atau asthma. Dengan itu, apabila sesuatu fatwa atau hukum yang diputuskan oleh ustaz/ulama’, ia adalah berdasarkan ijtihad mereka atau di-qias-kan kepada hukum dan hujah yang telah sedia ada, dengan alasan-alasan bersandarkan kepada dalil-dalil daripada al-Quran dan hadith, juga dengan mengambil kira pandangan ulama’ terdahulu dan perincian tentang sesuatu masalah secara medikal daripada para doktor atau pengamal perubatan.

Keduanya, ada sesetengah ulama’ atau ustaz atau cendekiawan yang cenderung untuk mengeluarkan pandangan yang agak ketat (strict) – rigid mengikut dalil-dalil atau pandangan cendekiawan islam terdahulu demi memelihara agama dan agar masyarakat tidak memudah-mudahkan islam. Manakala sebahagian pula cenderung untuk mengeluarkan keputusan hukum berdasarkan kondisi pesakit, agar pesakit atau masyarakat tidak berasa berat untuk menunaikan kewajipan mereka – puasa dan solat khususnya. Kedua-dua pandangan ini benar meskipun terdapat sedikit perbezaan, selagi mana bersandarkan kepada dalil-dalil yang sohih.

Ketiganya, perbezaan pendapat berkenaan maksud istilah ‘rongga‘. Rongga bukan bermakna bukaan, tetapi bahagian atau ruang kosong dalam tubuh seperti perut, ventricles (rongga di dalam otak) dsb. Namun pandangan yang paling kuat ialah, perut sahaja kerana:
Ia adalah bahagian yang mempunyai kekuatan memproses makanan dan ubat-ubatan yang sampai kepadanya (Puasa berkait rapat dengan makanan), sedangkan rongga-rongga lain tidak.

Perkara yang membatalkan puasa yang disepakati oleh Ulama’:

1- Makan & Minum
2- Hubungan kelamin (termasuk mengeluarkan air mani dengan sengaja)
3- Haidh & Nifas
4- Hilang kesedaran sepanjang hari

Isu-isu perubatan lain, hukum beserta alasan:

INHALER (pam/ubat semburan melalui mulut untuk sakit lelah/asthma)
– inhaler mengandungi ubat dalam bentuk cecair atau serbuk-serbuk halus.
– TIDAK membatalkan puasa menurut sebahagian ulama’ seperti Syeikh Bin Baz, Muhammad ‘Uthaymeen, Majlis Fatwa Arab Saudi.
-Alasan: Bahan yang masuk terlalu sedikit dan dimaafkan Qias kepada berkumur-kumur. Majoriti bahan masuk ke paru-paru. Bahan yang masuk ke dalam perut pula kurang pasti. Maka perkara yang kurang pasti tidak boleh dijadikan hujah.

PIL SUBLINGUAL/BAWAH LIDAH – untuk sakit jantung/angina
– TIDAK batal.
-Alasan: Ubat larut dalam mulut sahaja dan tidak masuk ke dalam perut. Ubat juga tidak bersifat seperti makanan (tidak mengenyangkan).

ENDOSKOPI PERUT (OGDS) – kamera kecil yang bersambung dengan tiub untuk melihat keadaan di dalam perut melalui mulut.
– TIDAK batal berdasarkan pendapat yang terpilih – Ibn Taimiyyah, Ulama’ mazhab Maliki, Syeikh Muhammad ‘Uthaymeen, bekas mufti mesir.
– Alasan: Alat adalah bukan makanan dan tidak boleh membekalkan makanan kepada badan. Namun, sebahagian pendapat mengatakan BATAL jika dimasukkan cecair ke dalam perut melalui alat tersebut.

NASAL DROP / Ubat titis hidung – NB: hidung bersambung ke tekak.
– TIDAK batal menurut Syeikh ‘Ajil an-Nasyami dan Syeikh Haitham Al-Khayyat
– Alasan: Titisan bukan makanan. Titisan yang masuk ke tekak dan perut terlalu sedikit. Sedangkan air dari berkumur-kumur lebih banyak melekat di tekak, tetapi dimaafkan.

BIUS / Anaesthesia
– terdapat 2 jenis bius: bius setempat (regional / local anaesthesia) dan bius keseluruhan (general anaesthesia)
– TIDAK batal jika bius setempat kerana tidak menghilangkan kesedaran dan dilakukan dengan alasan rawatan.
– BATAL menurut majoriti ulama’  jika bius keseluruhan kerana ia menyebabkan hilang kesedaran seoanjang hari.

EAR DROP / Ubat titis telinga, termasuk cucian telinga (earwash)
– TIDAK batal mengikut pendapat terpilih (Ibn Hazm dan sebahagian ulama’ mazhab Syafi’ie)
– Alasan: Titisan tidak sampai ke dalam otak mahupun perut.

EYE DROP / ubat titis mata
– TIDAK batal.
– Alasan: Setiap titisan mengandungi 0.006cm cecair sahaja. Ini dimaafkan dengan qias kepada berkumur-kumur. Bukan juga berkaitan dengan makan atau minum.

HAEMODIALYSIS – cuci buah pinggang
– BATAL jika cecair glukosa dimasukkan ke dalam tubuh pada masa yang sama kerana glukosa membekalkan makanan kepada tubuh.
– TIDAK batal jika tidak disertai dengan glukosa atau lain-lain makanan. Mencuci buah pinggang melibatkan suntikan, dan suntikan tidak berkait dengan makanan.

CUCIAN ALAT KELAMIN WANITA untuk tujuan rawatan menggunakan alat tertentu
– TIDAK batal mengikut pendapat terpilih (Maliki dan Hanbali)
– Alasan: Ruang pada alat kelamin tidak dikategorikan sebagai rongga dan tidak pula bersambung dengan perut.

UBAT DUBUR secara suntikan atau berbentuk pil untuk tujuan rawatan
– TIDAK batal mengikut pendapat Ibn Taimiyyah, az-Zahiri, Ulama’ Maliki.
– Alasan: Tidak mengandungi makanan, dan ubat tidak sampai ke dalam perut. Namun, jika ubat menyebabkan penyerapan makanan atau ubat tersebut berbentuk makanan, maka BATAL.

– TIDAK batal menurut majoriti ulama’
– Alasan: Diqiaskan kepada berbekam. Rasululullah s.a.w. pernah berbekam ketika baginda berpuasa.


NOTA: Namun demikian, adalah lebih utama dan afdal jika rawatan ditangguhkan ke waktu selepas berbuka puasa jika tidak memudaratkan pesakit.

boleh juga rujuk: https://elfaqiha.wordpress.com/2008/09/06/perkara-yang-membatalkan-puasa/

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