Copied, pasted and edited from my previous blog…
Narrated by Ibn Abbas (r.a.):
When Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w) came to Medina, he found (the Jews) fasting on the day of ‘Ashura’ (i.e. 10th of Muharram). They used to say: “This is a great day on which Allah saved Moses and drowned the folk of Pharaoh. Moses observed the fast on this day, as a sign of gratitude to Allah.” The Prophet said, “I am closer to Moses than they.” So, he observed the fast (on that day) and ordered the Muslims to fast on it.
[Sahih Bukhari Vol: 4 No. 609]
Pada mulanya, puasa pada hari `Asyura’ wajib ke atas semua Musleem, tetapi setelah disyari’atkan puasa ramadhan, maka puasa pada hari `Asyura’ tidak lagi wajib, sebaliknya hanya mustahab (sunat).
Narrated by Aisha (r.a.):
The people used to fast on ‘Ashura (the tenth day of the month of Muharram) before the fasting of Ramadan was made obligatory. And on that day the Ka’ba used to be covered with a cover. When Allah made the fasting of the month of Ramadan compulsory, Allah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alaihi wasallam)said, “Whoever wishes to fast (on the day of ‘Ashura’) may do so; and whoever wishes to leave it can do so.”
[Sahih Bukhari Vol 2 No. 662, Sahih Muslim Book 6, No. 2518]
Tapi, takkan kita nak lepaskan peluang berpuasa dan mendapatkan ganjaran-Nya kan? 😉
Disebabkan kaum Yahudi juga berpuasa pada hari tersebut, maka Rasulullah menganjurkan agar umat Islam turut berpuasa pada 9 Muharram bagi membezakan antara puasa umat Islam dan puasa org Yahudi. (maka, dipanggil hari tersebut sebagai hari tasu`aa’)
Ibn ‘Abbas reported that when the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) fasted on the day of ‘Ashura and commanded that it should he observed as a fast, they (his Companions) said to him: Messenger of Allah, it is a day which the Jews and Christians hold in high esteem. Thereupon the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: When the next year comes, God willing, we would observe fast on the 9th But the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) died before the advent of the next year.
[Sahih Muslim. Book 6, No. 2528]
Abu Qatada al-Ansari r.a. reported that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) was asked about his fasting. The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) felt annoyed. Thereupon ‘Umar r.a. said: We are pleased with Allah as the Lord, with Islam as our Code of Life, with Muhammad as the Messenger and with our pledge (to you for willing and cheerful submission) as a (sacred) commitment. He was then asked about perpetual fasting, whereupon he said: He neither fasted nor did he break it, or he did not fast and he did not break it. He was then asked about fasting for two days and breaking one day. He (the Holy Prophet) said: And who has strength enough to do it? He was asked about fasting for a day and breaking for two days, whereupon he said: May Allah bestow upon us strength to do it. He was then asked about fasting for a day and breaking on the other, whereupon he said: That is the fasting of my brother David (peace be upon him). He was then asked about fasting on Monday, whereupon he said: It was the day on which I was born. on which I was commissioned with prophethood or revelation was sent to me, (and he further) said: Three days’ fasting every month and of the whole of Ramadan every year is a perpetual fast. He was asked about fasting on the day of ‘Arafa (9th of Dhu’I-Hijja), whereupon he said: It expiates the sins of the preceding year and the coming year. He was asked about fasting on the day of ‘Ashura (10th of Muharram), whereupon be said: It expiates the sins of the preceding year.
[Sahih Muslim: Book 6, Number 2603]
Mungkin ade yg terlepas puasa pada 9 Muharram, La Tahzan! Jgn bersedih… Masih ada peluang utk menggantikan puasa tersebut agar kita tidak sama dgn org2 Yahudi itu. Saya petik drp tulisan sahabat sy AisyahHumaira in her comment from my previous blog:
Dari kitab Musnad al-Syafi’e Tartiib al-Sanadi:
‘(Berkata Ibn al-Athiir) adanya pendapat pada kata-kata Nabi saw: ‘Berpuasalah pada hari ‘Asyura’ dan janganlah kamu menyamai Yahudi maka puasalah sehari sebelumnya dan sehari selepasnya‘. Ini bermakna berpuasalah bersama hari ‘Asyura’ itu sehari selepas atau sebelumnya sehingga tidak menyamai orang-orang Yahudi yang berpuasa pada hari ke-10 Muharram sahaja.’
Oleh yang demikian, disebut dalam al-Fiqh al-Islami wa Adillatuhu: ‘Jika tidak dapat berpuasa pada hari ke-9 bersama hari ke-10 Muharram itu, maka sunat di sisi Syafi’iyah utk berpuasa pada hari ke-11, bahkan dinaskan oleh al-Imam al-Syafie dalam al-Umm dan al-Imla’ bahawa sunat berpuasa pada ketiga-tiga hari tersebut.’